Product Format & Description

Vinyl Records Product Format & Description

The Description Field on vinyl records

DescriptionAbbrComments
   
LPLPThe LP tag used by itself, denotes a 12 inch 33 rpm long-playing record. More info here
16"16"Standard size for radio broadcast acetate records
12"12"For Laserdiscs
12"12"Please read this for how to distinguish an LP from a 12"
11"11" 
10"10" 
9"9" 
8"8"For Laserdiscs
8"8" 
7"7" 
6½"6½" 
6"6" 
5½"5½" 
5"5"For Laserdiscs
5"5" 
4"4" 
3"3" 
2"2" 
16 ⅔ RPM  
33 ⅓ RPM  
45 RPM  
78 RPM  
21cm21cm 
25cm25cm 
27cm27cm 
29cm29cm 
35cm35cm 
50cm50cm 
80 RPM80 RPM 
90 RPM90 RPM 
1 ⅞ ips ips stands for inches per second.
15 ips  
3 ¾ ips  
30 ips  
7 ½ ips  
⅛"  
¼" The most popular open reel to reel tape size
½"  
2-Track Mono2tr MonoTape runs in both directions, with a mono track on each side.
2-Track Stereo2tr StereoTape runs in one direction, as a stereo track.
4-Track Stereo4tr StereoTape runs in both directions, with a stereo track on each side.
10.5" NAB Reel10.5" ReelA 10 ½" reel with a 3" hole in the center that fits onto a NAB hub.
3" Cine Reel3" ReelA 3" reel with a hole for a splined ¼" shaft in the center.
5" Cine Reel5" ReelA 5" reel with a hole for a splined ¼" shaft in the center.
7" Cine Reel7" ReelA 7" reel with a hole for a splined ¼" shaft in the center.
2 Minute2minOldest type of wax cylinder, with 100 threads per inch, about 4" (10 cm) long, 2¼" diameter
3 Minute3min 
4 Minute4minDevelopment of the original cylinder with longer playing time, due to doubling of the number of grooves to 200 threads per inch
ConcertConcert5" diameter cylinder
SalonSalon3 ½" x 4" cylinder from French company Pathé
MiniMiniA disc with a diameter of 8cm (80mm), or approx 3", can apply to CDs or DVDs.
MiniMiniA disc with a diameter of 8cm (80mm), or approx 3", can apply to CDs or DVDs.
Business CardB/cardA business card shaped CD
ShapeShapeA CD that is shaped differently from the standard circular.
ShapeShapeA vinyl record that is shaped differently from the standard circular.
MinimaxMinimaxA Miniature CD single with a (usually transparent) built-in 12cm adaptor, which makes it look like a CD equivalent of a "clear vinyl" record, design-wise. Plays on all CD players, like a normal CD. Also called Fan Disc, AB-CD, and Semi-Substrate disc.
MinimaxMinimaxA Miniature DVD single with a (usually transparent) built-in 12cm adaptor, which makes it look like a DVD equivalent of a "clear vinyl" record, design-wise. Plays on all DVD players, like a normal DVD.
CD-ROMCD-ROMA CD holding computer data, as opposed to a CD holding audio data that can be played back in an ordinary CD player. Use CD, Enhanced for 'mixed mode' CDs that have both audio and data sections of the disc.
CDiCDiInteractive
CD+GCD+GAlso known as CD+Graphics, a special audio compact disc that contains graphics data in addition to the audio data on the disc. The disc can be played on a regular audio CD player, but when played on a special CD+G player, can output a graphics signal (typically, the CD+G player is hooked up to a television set or a computer monitor).
HDCDHDCDHigh Definition Compatible Digital, or HDCD, is an encode-decode process. It encodes the equivalent of 20 bits worth of data in a 16-bit digital audio signal by using custom dithering, filters, and some reversible amplitude and gain encoding. There is a benefit at the expense of a minor increase in noise. HDCD encoding places a control signal in the least significant bit of a small subset of the 16-bit Red Book audio samples. If no decoder is present, the disc will be played as a regular CD.
VCDVCDVideo CD or VCD, or Compact Disc digital video, is a standard digital format for storing video. View CDs, as VCDs are sometimes referred to, are playable in dedicated players, personal computers, and many DVD players. Not the same as CDV (CD Video)!
AVCDAVCDAudio Video CD. Audio tracks are playable on the regular CD player, the video tracks are playable on a VCD player, DVD player, or PC.
SVCDSVCDSuper Video CD, a format used for storing video on standard compact discs. SVCD falls between Video CD and DVD in terms of technical capability and picture quality.
Blu-ray AudioBlu-ray-A 
DVD-AudioDVD-AOnly to be used when the release shows the DVD-Audio logo.
DVD-DataDVD-D 
DVD-VideoDVD-VOnly to be used when the release shows the DVD-Video logo.
HybridHybridA version of SACD (Super Audio CD) that contains a CD layer as well as a SACD layer, and if therefore playable on normal CD players as well as SACD players.
MultichannelMultichannel 
AACAACAdvanced Audio Coding, was designed as an improved-performance codec relative to MP3
AIFCAIFCA compressed variant of AIFF, also known as AIFF-C, with various defined compression codecs.
AIFFAIFFAudio Interchange File Format (AIFF) is a uncompressed pulse-code modulation (PCM) file.
ALACALACApple Lossless (also known as Apple Lossless Encoder, ALE, or Apple Lossless Audio Codec, ALAC) is an audio codec developed by Apple Inc. for lossless data compression of digital music. Apple Lossless data is stored within an MP4 container with the filename extension .m4a – this extension is also used by Apple for AAC audio data in an MP4 container (same container, different audio encoding).
AVIAVIAudio Video Interleaved (also Audio Video Interleave), known by its initials AVI, is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows technology. AVI files can contain both audio and video data in a file container that allows synchronous audio-with-video playback. Like the DVD video format, AVI files support multiple streaming audio and video, although these features are seldom used. Most AVI files also use the file format extensions develop
FLACFLACFree Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC) is a popular file format for audio data compression. Being a lossless compression format, FLAC does not remove information from the audio stream, as do lossy compression formats such as MP3 and AAC.
FLVFLVFlash Video is a container file format used to deliver video over the Internet. Flash Video content may also be embedded within SWF files. There are two different video file formats: FLV and F4V. The audio and video data within FLV files are encoded in the same way as they are within SWF files. The latter F4V file format is based on the ISO base media file format.
MP3MP3 
MPEG-4 VideoMPEG-4 VideoFor any video in an MPEG-4 container. For MPEG-4 audio, please see AAC and ALAC
ogg-vorbisogg 
SWFSWF(originally standing for "Small Web Format", later changed to "Shockwave Flash", then changed back to Small Web Format) (pronounced swiff or "swoof") - a partially open repository for multimedia and especially for vector graphics. Intended to be small enough for publication on the web, SWF files can contain animations or applets of varying degrees of interactivity and function.
WAVWAVA Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing audio. WAVs are compatible with Windows and Macintosh operating systems.
WMAWMAWindows Media Audio (WMA) is a proprietary compressed audio file format developed by Microsoft. It was initially a competitor to the MP3 format, but with the introduction of Apple's iTunes Music Store, it has positioned itself as a competitor to the Advanced Audio Coding format used by Apple.
WMVWMVWindows Media Video (WMV) is a compressed video file format for several proprietary codecs developed by Microsoft. The original codec, known as WMV, was originally designed for Internet streaming applications, as a competitor to RealVideo. The other codecs, such as WMV Screen and WMV Image, cater for specialized content.
MP3 SurroundMP3Sur 
3.5"3,5"3.5" Floppy Disk
5.25"5.25"5.25" Floppy Disk
DualDiscDualDiscFeatures an audio layer similar to a CD on one side and a standard DVD layer on the other.
DVDplusDVDplusAn optical disc storage technology that combines the technology of DVD and CD in one disc. A DVD and a CD-compatible layer are bonded together to provide a multi-format hybrid disc.
VinylDiscVinylDiscA combination of a digital layer, either in CD or DVD format, and an analogue layer which is a vinyl record
Double SidedD/Sided 
Single SidedS/SidedFor two sided tapes that only have audio on one side. Please note this tag is not to be used when the release has the same audio on both sides. In this case, please enter the tracklisting for both sides, and explain in the release notes that the audio is identical on both sides. See the full guidelines here.
Single SidedS/SidedFor Laserdiscs.
Single SidedS/SidedFor two sided vinyl that only have audio on one side. Please note this tag is not to be used when the release has the same audio on both sides. In this case, please enter the tracklisting for both sides, and explain in the release notes that the audio is identical on both sides. See the full guidelines here.
AlbumAlbumAlbum tag usage has no relation to speed, media type, media item count (e.g. tracks spread over multiple 12"s) or use of the Compilation tag (whether for Various or single artist releases). This tag is only to be used where it is clear the item was released as such, Please see this section of the guidelines
Mini-AlbumMiniAlbumOnly to be used where it is clear the item was released as such, Please see this section of the guidelines
EPEPOnly to be used where it is clear the item was released as such, Please see this section of the guidelines
Maxi-SingleMaxiOnly to be used where it is clear the item was released as such, Please see this section of the guidelines
SingleSingleOnly to be used where it is clear the item was released as such, Please see this section of the guidelines
CompilationCompSee the guidelines here
Stereo Most music formats are stereo, this tag shouldn't be used unless the item was released in stereo and mono formats, or is otherwise necessary to point out.
MonoMono 
QuadraphonicQuadA four speaker surround format. It had a number of different encoding methods, some of which were incompatible with each other. CD-4 / Compatible Discrete 4 / Quadradisc, UD-4 / UMX, Q4, Quad-8 / Quadraphonic 8-Track, SQ / Surround Quadraphonic / Stereo Quadraphonic, QS / Quadraphonic Stereo, EV / Stereo-4, DY / Dynaquad, Matrix H, Passive Pseudo Quad, Pseudo-surround sound.
AmbisonicAmb 
Card BackedCardFor card and paper backed Flexi-discs
Club EditionClub 
Copy ProtectedCopy Prot.For CDs
Copy ProtectedCopy Prot.For Computer Media.
Copy ProtectedCopy Prot.For DVDs.
Copy ProtectedCopy Prot.For Video Tape.
Deluxe EditionDlx 
EnhancedEnhThis includes formats sometimes known as "Enhanced CD", "Mixed Mode", and "CD Extra" where the music carrier (CD, vinyl, cassette, etc) also contains computer data in the form of software programs, videos, screen savers, music (tracker files, MP3s, etc), text, web links, games, and so forth).
EtchedEtchA record that has artwork or writing etched onto it in an artistic manner. Not to be used for the standard catalog number, matrix number, pressing plant's name, mastering engineers name, and other basic run out groove etches.
Limited EditionLtdOnly items that have this printed on them somewhere (stickers etc), or were originally marketed by the label as such, should be tagged as 'Limited Edition'.
MispressMPNotes that the audio on a medium that is replicated by pressing (CD, vinyl etc) is incorrect in some way (usually, the wrong tracks).
MisprintM/PrintIndicates that there is an error in the printed material on the release (labels, CD booklets etc), for example, indicating wrong track listings etc. There must be a corrected version of the release for this tag to be used.
MixedMixedContinuous mix, DJ mix, segued audio. Use this tag if all of the tracks are mixed together into one continuous flow, for example DJ Mix CDs, mixtapes etc. Most of the time, using this tag calls for a 'DJ Mix' credit.
NumberedNum 
Partially MixedP/MixedFor releases that only have a part of them segued.
Partially UnofficialP/UnofficialTo indicate that only some tracks on the release are unofficial. Use the notes to give further explanation.
Picture DiscPicFor Laserdiscs.
Picture DiscPic 
PromoPromoPromotional copy. Only add this tag if it is explicitly mentioned on the release. Some releases from the 60s and 70s may be marked as 'Demonstration', the Promo tag is correct to apply to these as well (but do not confuse this with 'demo' self releases by artists to demonstrate their work).
ReissueREPlease see the guidelines for further details
RemasteredRMThis tag should only be used where it is clear the item was released as such, for example it is explicitly mentioned on the release, or by the label, artist, or other reliable source.
RepressRPPlease see the guidelines for further details
SamplerSmplrIn English, "sampler" has a different meaning from 'Compilation', a sampler is a free or low-priced preview of a larger release(s). Although in other languages the two words may mean the same thing, in Discogs they should not be confused.
Test PressingTP 
Unofficial ReleaseUnofficialSee the guidelines for details.
White LabelW/LblCenter labels on a vinyl release without proper print on both sides. Additional marks with a rubber stamp, small printed sticker, or handwritten on an otherwise blank (but not necessarily white) label would still generally be considered a White Label release.
MultichannelMultichannelUsed to note any digital surround type format, use the free text to give specifics if possible.
MultichannelMultichannelFor CDs.
MultichannelMultichannelFor DVDs.
MultichannelMultichannelFor HD-DVD
MultichannelMultichannelFor Hybrids.
MultichannelMultichannelFor Laserdisc.
MultichannelMultichannelFor other video formats.
MultichannelMultichannelFor SelectaVision.
MultichannelMultichannelFor Video Tape.
NTSCNTSCFor CDs.
NTSCNTSCFor DVDs.
NTSCNTSCFor Hybrids.
NTSCNTSCFor Laserdisc.
NTSCNTSCFor other video formats.
NTSCNTSCFor SelectaVision.
NTSCNTSCFor Video Tape.
PALPALFor CDs.
PALPALFor DVDs.
PALPALFor Hybrids.
PALPALFor Laserdisc.
PALPALFor other video formats.
PALPALFor SelectaVision.
PALPALFor Video Tape.
SECAMSECAMFor CDs.
SECAMSECAMFor DVDs.
SECAMSECAMFor Hybrids.
SECAMSECAMFor Laserdisc.
SECAMSECAMFor other video formats.
SECAMSECAMFor SelectaVision.
SECAMSECAMFor Video Tape.